How to tackle online trolls
By Amanda Hamilton, Chief Executive of the National Association of Licensed Paralegals (NALP)
A troll is an individual posting online to provoke a particular group or community towards an emotional response, and to encourage aggression and to taint and manipulate other people’s perceptions of such a group, individuals or businesses.
But sometimes, perfectly reasonable people can find themselves slipping over to the dark side. I had a close friend who was an extremely balanced person and non-aggressive. She was asked to do something for an acquaintance free of charge that would enhance that person’s business. It involved a performance in front of a large audience which my friend had never done before. She felt aggrieved since the acquaintance was an experienced performer and teacher and never offered any support on the night.
After the event and a glass too many of red wine, my friend posted something on the Facebook Group page that she later regretted. It was not aggressive, but it was perceived by the acquaintance to be an insult and degrading in the eyes of her fellow group members. However, the acquaintance promptly sent a private message to my friend saying that it would be better to discuss this face to face. It worked, and within a few minutes of their meeting and after a chat, my friend apologised to her and posted a retraction and apology on the Group page. She has never posted anything derogatory since. She learned her lesson and realised how easy it is these days to say something you later regret, but only when it is too late to prevent the posting.
What can you do if you (personally) or your business become the focus of a troll? The first and important tip is, do not ignore it! You should respond swiftly, and in a calm and reasonable way, as soon as possible.
Trolling is like bullying. The troller is confident enough to do it knowing that there will be a few sheep-like individuals who will join in and back him/her up. So, in the same way as confronting a bully head-on, you do the same thing online to try to diffuse the situation.
Suggestions such as:
Of course, what you don’t want to do is to get embroiled in a whole batch of further comments and so you need to think very carefully about how to approach the response and make it as ‘closed’ as possible: do not leave it open for further comment. And think hard before you reply to the reply (if the troll does reply)
A favourite tool of the online troll is the online review.
People tend to leave a bad review if they feel they have been treated badly by the business, or something has arrived later than promised, or it can even be something quite trivial. The common thread is that they feel aggrieved.
A friend of mine runs a business selling online courses. A learner enrolled and paid for the course and then two months later, changed her mind and wanted a refund. The terms and conditions of the business clearly state that there is a time stipulation on getting a refund and she was out of time. She then promptly left an aggressive message on social media making allegations that the content was outdated and not to go near this training company. My friend contacted her immediately to discuss this with her, and she eventually retracted her statement and accepted her fate.
Once again, the most important thing to do is to take the sting out of the bad comments by responding in a very positive way, for example: ‘we are sorry you feel this way about your experience. Perhaps we can contact you and get your personal feedback to help us improve our service in the future.’ Making the reviewer feel important and one of your valued customers is the best way to tackle such a situation, if you can.
Checking online reviews is the way most of us, these days, decide whether to buy something, rent holiday accommodation, or try a new restaurant. However, have you noticed that for every ten 5-star reviews there is always one 1-star? As a business owner, you need to assess whether this bad review is warranted or not. If not, then a simple response apologising that the reviewer had a bad experience indicates that the business cares. If it is more serious, then perhaps a more detailed response is necessary. As a potential customer, the question to ask yourself is, has this 1-star reviewer been contacted by the business? If they have, then I would suggest that this is a business that listens to its customers. Therefore, as a business, the key is to ensure you can be seen to deal with negative comments and concerns and not just ignore them.
Previously, when there was no such notion of social media or emails, making a complaint involved you having to put a lot of thought and planning into writing a letter and sending it through the post. There was no such thing as a throw-away comment which could instantaneously be posted, without much thought or effort.
It may not always be possible to diffuse a situation, but generally, the worst thing you can do, is to ignore it. On occasion, however, depending on the nature of the review, it may be self-evident that the review should not warrant a reply. This is a choice that the business has to make. If the post is made on Facebook, then possibly, a complaint can be made (if the comments are questionable). Some review sites do contact the trader/service provider to ascertain whether this is a genuine customer and grievance.
If you attempt to diffuse the situation without success, you may have to turn to legal methods. A ‘Cease and Desist’ letter could be sent (if you know the troller’s postal or email address). This informs the person to cease what they are doing under threat of legal action. If that fails to work, a claim for compensation based on harassment could be made through the courts.
If you need legal advice or assistance, you can always approach a paralegal who will offer you access to justice at a more reasonable cost than a solicitor. To find a qualified paralegal visit the National Paralegal Register: https://www.nationalparalegals.co.uk/national-paralegal-register/
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Amanda Hamilton is Chief Executive of the National Association of Licenced Paralegals (NALP), a non-profit membership body and the only paralegal body that is recognised as an awarding organisation by Ofqual (the regulator of qualifications in England). Through its Centres around the country, accredited and recognised professional paralegal qualifications are offered for those looking for a career as a paralegal professional.